On the Intel Innovation convention in San Jose, we discovered vital particulars concerning the new 14th Gen Meteor Lake chips. Intel’s 14th Gen chips will launch on December 14, and can formally be titled Core Extremely chips.
After years of designing chips with an enormous emphasis on efficiency, Intel is lastly flipping the script. With the 14th Gen chips, Intel is making an attempt out a design that focuses extra on effectivity than efficiency. We are able to’t wait to check out laptops that characteristic these chips, however till then, we’ll accept studying all the pieces we will about Meteor Lake chips.
Meteor Lake 14th Gen overview
Similar to Intel’s thirteenth Gen Raptor Lake chips, the 14th Gen Meteor Lake chips include efficiency cores (P-cores) and effectivity cores (E-cores). The P-cores are known as Redwood Cove, and the E-Cores are generally known as Crestmont. The 14th Gen chips introduce a brand new low-power E-Core as properly.
Intel hasn’t given many particulars about particular efficiency enhancements or what number of Meteor Lake configurations we will count on after they launch in mid-December. The one configuration Intel revealed throughout its Tech Day presentation was a 6 P-core + 8 E-Core configuration. If this follows go well with with earlier configurations, that is probably an i9 or i7 processor configuration.
We all know Redwood Cove will provide improved bandwidth and efficiency, however the one concrete particulars we have now are about Crestmont efficiency enhancements. These particulars come from Rajshree Chabukswar (by way of PCWorld), who says that Crestmont is about 4 to six % quicker with directions per clock in comparison with Raptor Lake chips.
14th Gen Meteor Lake chips from Intel are including low-power E-cores to its hybrid design from twelfth and thirteenth Gen chips. With out getting too complicated, the Meteor Lake chip has 4 separate tiles, one for the CPU, the SoC (System on a Chip), graphics, and I/O.
The low-power E-cores reside throughout the SoC tile, separated from the P-cores and different E-cores on the CPU tile. This implies solely the SoC tile must be energetic if you’re finishing fundamental, low-power duties like looking the web, writing a paper, and even watching 4K movies. Finally, this retains the extra demanding cores dormant and extends your laptop computer’s battery life.
Thread Director in Meteor Lake chips has new directions
Thread Director was first launched with Intel’s 12th Gen chips, and it basically acted as an usher who directed each activity that your laptop computer initiated to the power-hungry P-cores. E-cores have been solely used when your laptop computer wanted extra complete cores for all the pieces that was being achieved.
Intel is giving Thread Director new directions, so now it’ll direct duties first to your laptop computer’s low-power E-cores, then its E-cores, after which its P-cores. With this new setup, Intel’s 14th Gen chips could finally fix the biggest problem we have with Windows laptops—battery life.
The low-power E-cores are able to fairly a bit, so there’s an opportunity your laptop computer may not often leap into its power-hungry P-cores. For those who primarily use your laptop computer for easy work or faculty duties or for streaming movies, the low-power E-cores carry out easily and demand much less battery life.
Meteor Lake options AI, and built-in GPUs could provide ray tracing
We talked about the SoC, or System on a Chip, tile throughout the Meteor Lake chip is residence to the low-power E-cores, nevertheless it’s additionally residence to the brand new AI-powered NPU (Neural Processing Unit). Intel has mentioned that it plans to make use of AI to find out how customers work together with frequent duties, like opening an internet web page, nevertheless it gained’t be taught from on a regular basis customers. As a substitute, its machine-learning algorithm learns from check customers, and transfers that discovered information to the on a regular basis consumer.
The AI NPU groups up with the CPU and GPU to run any AI purposes quicker than anybody unit might do by itself. Intel ran Steady Diffusion, an AI artwork generator, 20 totally different instances using simply the CPU, simply the GPU, simply the NPU, and varied combos of all three. When Steady Diffusion ran on solely the NPU, it took 20.7 seconds and 10 watts, to generate photographs. Using the NPU and the GPU, the identical activity took 11.3 seconds and 30 watts to finish.
Along with incorporating an AI NPU into its Meteor Lake Chip, Intel can be bettering the built-in GPU. By making a separate tile for the GPU, it’s simpler to “combine and match graphics efficiency,” in keeping with Tom Petersen from Intel (by way of PCWorld). Intel is utilizing as a lot as it will probably from its standalone Arc GPUs, and integrating that with the Meteor Lake CPU to enhance on the XE built-in GPU of previous chips.
Impressively, Intel is taking eight Xe cores from the Arc A770 GPU and eight ray-tracing models into the Meteor Lake GPU tile. In fact, software program builders might want to construct in help for ray tracing into their video games to make the most of this new characteristic, however ray tracing will formally be a part of the chip’s built-in GPU slightly than a discrete chip.
With the Meteor Lake GPU, we’ll see extra environment friendly efficiency, larger clock speeds, and help for XeSS, Intel’s equal to Nvidia’s DLSS expertise. Intel can be introducing one thing referred to as Endurance Gaming with Meteor Lake, which might make the most of the Intel Arc Management power-management app to manage how a lot energy is allotted to the system if you wish to save battery life in change for a decrease body fee.
The Acer Swift laptop will boast Intel’s new 14th Gen chip, however that’s the one laptop computer we all know of proper now that’ll characteristic the Meteor Lake chip. All through the remainder of this yr, we’ll hear of extra laptops constructed with the 14th Gen Intel chips, and 2024 will definitely be an thrilling yr to check and evaluate Home windows laptops.
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